Anne-Marie Guillemard et A. Evers (dir), Social Policies and Citizenship, The Changing Landscape, Oxford University Press, 2013

In both Europe and America, the landscape of social policies has undergone fundamental changes in recent decades, especially in endeavors to develop new welfare arrangements. How does this affect citizenship-at-large as defined by the Marshallian triad of personal, democratic, and social rights?

Taking nine European countries as case studies, the contributions analyze the ways that citizenship has changed in key areas such as social security, labor market policies, and social services. Other chapters concentrate on the theoretical and conceptual challenges that result from the interrelation of changing social policies with different notions of citizenship. Trends in welfare reform have become harder to interpret. They are no longer about simple reductions in social services and entitlements, or a decline in social citizenship; the terms of debate have shifted. In a postindustrial world, individuals are afforded more mobility, autonomy, and responsibility. Security is being reexamined in light of the new risks stemming from a worldwide knowledge-based economy.

Behind the diversity of changes there is a unified agenda taking shape, characterized with concepts like activation, social investments, concerns with inclusion, and the strengthening of links between rights and responsibilities. The contributions in this volume represent an insightful look at the debate between the determination to curb social spending and a new model of an activist state ready to make social investments.


Part I. General
1. Introduction: Marshall’s Concept of Citizenship and Contemporary Welfare Reconfiguration
Adalbert Evers and Anne-Marie Guillemard
2. Towards a Post-Marshallian Framework for the Analysis of Social Citizenship
Håkan Johansson and Björn Hvinden
3. Changing Perspectives on Social Citizenship: A Cross-time Comparison
Jane Jenson
4. Citizenship in the Enabling State: The Changing Balance of Rights and Obligations
Neil Gilbert
5. To What Extent Can the European Union Deliver “Social Citizenship” to Its Citizens?
Jean-Claude Barbier
Part II. Country Cases: Western Europe
6. Social Citizenship in New Labour’s New “Active” Welfare State: The Case of the United Kingdom
Ruth Lister
7. Changes in Social Citizenship in France in a Comparative Perspective: “Activation Strategies” and Their Traces
Jean-Claude Barbier
8. Italy: A Territorial and Generational Divide in Social Citizenship
Valeria Fargion
9. A Fuzzy Picture. Social Citizenship in Post-corporatist Germany
Ingo Bode
10. The Iron Law of Rights: Citizenship and Individual Empowerment in Modern Sweden
Lars Trägårdh and Lars Svedberg
Part III. Country Cases: Eastern Europe
11. The Policy of Activation in the Czech Republic and Citizenship Rights
Tomás Sirovátka
12. Fragmented Social Rights in Hungary’s Post-communist Welfare State
Julia Szalaï
13. The Two Decades of Social Policy in Poland: From Protection to Activation of Citizens
Marek Rymsza
14. Discourses on Social Rights in the Czech Republic
Martin Potucek
Part IV. Conclusions
15. Reconfiguring Welfare and Reshaping Citizenship
Adalbert Evers and Anne-Marie Guillemard